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Creating References
Transitioning from MLA Style (Handbook, 7th ed., 2009)
APA Style
(Publication Manual, 6th Edition, 2010)

Created by Prof. Mike Strahan
Updated 6/25/2015

Found the following work while searching ERIC, and retrieved online after clicking

Floor Effects Associated With Universal Screening and Their Impact on the Early Identification of Reading Disabilities
Hugh W. Catts, Yaacov Petscher, Christopher Schatschneider, Mindy Sittner Bridges and Katherin Mendoza
Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 42, No. 2, 163-176 (2009)

MLA Works Cited entry (retrieved from publisher web site):

Catts, Hugh W., Yaacov Petscher, Christopher Schatschneider, Mindy Sittner Bridges

and Katherin Mendoza. "Floor Effects Associated With Universal Screening and

Their Impact on the Early Identification of Reading Disabilities." Journal of Learning

Disabilities 42.2 (2009):163-176. Web. 28 June 2010.

[Note that if we had found the full-text of this article in an online database, the name of the database
in italics would be inserted between the page numbers and Web.]

APA Reference entry, journal uses continuous pagination, DOI assigned:

Catts, H. W., Petscher, Y., Schatschneider, C., Bridges, M. S., & Mendoza, K. (2009).

Floor effects associated with universal screening and their impact on the early

identification of reading disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42(2), 163-176.


APA format & notes

use last name, first and middle initials. Separate two or last two authors by an ampersand (&). If work has more than 7 authors, list first 6, then three dots ... then last author. This is a major change from previous APA guidelines.

Publication Year For journal articles, only provide the year. For magazine articles, include year followed by month. For example: (2008, June).
Article Title Only capitalize first letter of first word for title and subtitle. Also capitalize proper names and acronyms. Unlike MLA, no quotation marks.
Journal Title Capitalize all words except articles. Entire title in italics.
Volume number Italics.
Issue Number

Most scholarly/research journals use continuous pagination; that is, the first issue of a volume begins with page 1, and the page numbers continue until the end of the last issue in the volume.

However, include issue number in parentheses if each issue of journal is separately paginated; that is, each issue begins with page 1. This segment would look like this: 55(6)

Recommendation: if article begins on a page numbered higher than 200, the journal more than likely uses continuous pagination.

Note: Issue number is not italicized.

Page numbers Include all page numbers where article appears. Do not use sloppy format, such as 163-76; instead use complete numbers: 163-176.
DOI - Digital Object Identifier Unique number assigned to journal articles. Note that not all articles are assigned a DOI, especially popular magazine articles. Number always begins with 10 followed by a period and four digits and a slash. Remaining part of identifier may be all numbers or combination of letters and numbers.


Please consult Olson Library APA style guide for further guidelines & notes regarding how to locate a DOI, and for materials which are not assigned a DOI.

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